属鼠,中英双语 | 在美国取证用于我国诉讼程序的有力东西,了不起的狐狸爸爸

《美国联邦法》第1782条

在美国获取根据用于我国诉讼程序的有力东西

US F属鼠,中英双语 | 在美国取证用于我国诉讼程序的有力东西,了不得的狐狸爸爸ederal statute Section 1782—A Powerful Tool for Obtaining Evidence in the United States for Use inC湘鲫hinese Proceedings

因为价值昂扬,我国公司及其代理律师一般以为需求不惜一切价值以躲避美国诉前根据查询程序。可是,假如能够根据美王法令规则,协助我王法院的案子当事人在美获取根据关于整个案子的胜诉十分有协助,而且能够出其不意谍影猎杀。


Corporations outside the US and the lawyers that represent them often regard US pretrial discovery as something to be avoided at all costs, mainly because of the expense. But the European and Asian lawyers who have made use of the provision of US law that facilitates obtaining evidence in the US for use in lawsuits pending outside the US have generally found the process to be extremely helpful and an effective strategy in their cases.


中美两国都是《海牙海外取证条约》(以下简称《条约》)的缔约国,可是《条约》的取证进程或许既缓慢又繁琐,而且一般这一条约将程序的节奏控制权交予司法部。在此景象下,咱们能够考虑的另一个挑选是诉诸美国联邦法的第1782条规则。

该法规则任何“好坏关系人”都可向美王法院恳求答应在外国程序中运用根据,而无需根据《条约》向美国司法部提出恳求。


The United States is a party, along with China, to the Hague Convention on th属鼠,中英双语 | 在美国取证用于我国诉讼程序的有力东西,了不得的狐狸爸爸e Taking of Evidence Abroad in Civil ortvs4在线直播 Commercial Matters, but the Convention process can be slow and cumbersome, and in general it puts control of the process in the hands of the Department of Justice rather than the Chi属鼠,中英双语 | 在美国取证用于我国诉讼程序的有力东西,了不得的狐狸爸爸nese litigant itself.


Another option worth considering for Chinese lawyers and litigants is a US federal statute, known as Section 1782, which allows any “interested person” to seek leave from a US court to take evidence for use in a foreign proceeding, without making a request to the US Department of Justice under the Convention.

根据第1782条规则,请求方有必要“与案子有好坏关系”——具有中洗地车国属鼠,中英双语 | 在美国取证用于我国诉讼程序的有力东西,了不得的狐狸爸爸诉讼中的诉讼当事人位置即可。

所寻求的根据须用于非美王法令程序,即我王法院的案子能够满意此项要求。而且根据所运用有必要是为了在法院或其他适宜的判决庭的判决,我国国内法院体系中待决的案子即契合条件,私方裁定程序或也契合条件。


一旦满意这些法定条件,美王法院将进行平衡性考量,权衡根据是否能够不依赖美王法院在我国根据我王法获取、请求人是否在企图躲避我国的根据收集约束、我王法院是否乐意承受该根据、以及所请求的根据开示的深重程度。假如法院答应根据开示,那么该程序将依照美国诉讼法正直播之土豪体系常进行。

请求人可秦城主的108种玩法以请求对方请求出示文件,包含电子信息,也能够寻求从美国境内获取证人证言。假如案子明晰明,几个月内即可完结整个程序,案子较为杂乱则或许需求一年或更长时刻才干完结。


To make use of Section 1782, a party must have the necessary interest—being a litigant in the Chinese lawsuit is enough. The evidence sought must be for use in a non-US legal proceeding.


And the proceeding must be pending before a court or other appropriate tribunal. A case before the domestic Chinese court system will qualify. While the law is far from settled on this point, private arbitration proceedings may al丝足践踏so qualify.


Once these statutory requirements are met, the US court will undertake a ba双斑蟋蟀lancing 属鼠,中英双语 | 在美国取证用于我国诉讼程序的有力东西,了不得的狐狸爸爸test, examining whether th魔界骑士英格丽德e evidence could be obtained in China under Chinese laws; whether the applicant is seeking to circumvent Chinese proof-gathering restrictions; whether the Chinese court would be receptive to the evidence; and whether the disc杜克曼overy sought would be unduly burdensome.


If the court allo新蕊洁ws the discovery, then the discovery proceeds as it would in any US litigation. The applicant can seek a production of documents, including electropgd606nically-stored i爱情面包房nformation, or can seek to take testimony from persons within t马丁巴舍尔he United States.


The entire process can be completed in a matter of months if the c属鼠,中英双语 | 在美国取证用于我国诉讼程序的有力东西,了不得的狐狸爸爸ase is sufficiently straightforward. Complex cases can require a year or more to complete.

因为该诉讼战略并没有被大多数人所承受和选用,所以根据《美国联邦法》第1782条规则请求根据开示恰恰能为我国诉讼当事人带来相较于对手的极大优势。


现在,该法规最常用于知识产权胶葛,并格莱美游览且会集在加利福尼亚州的技能公司,许多选用这项战略的案子都是在该州提起的。一起,该法规也能够用来收集诉讼相对方的银行或其他财政记载。

迄今为止,企图运用法规的我国诉讼当事人相对较少。宸鸿光电科技(厦门)有限公司(TPK Touch Solutions (Xiamen), Inc.)是一家我国触摸屏技能的开发商和制造商,最近在南昌市中级人民法院的专利诉讼中,成功经过获取美王法院答应的方法,获得对宏达通讯(美国)有限公司(HTC America, Inc.)的根据开示。


宸鸿光电科技(厦门)有限公司在第三方欧菲科技股份有限公司(O-film Tech, Ltd.)提起的侵权案子中,经过根据开示证明其所享有在先运用和现有技能权力,而且企图经过我国专利局的相关程序使欧菲的专利无效。

The use of Section 1782 can provide Chinese litigants with a tr驰援藏金谷ue advantage over their opponents. The statute is most often used in intellectual property disputes, and due to the high concentration of technology companies there, many of the cases are brought in California.


It is also possible to use the statute to seek banki肉宠ng or other financial records.


To date relatively few Chinese litigants have tried to make use of the statute. TPK Touch Solution单车帝s (Xiamen), Inc., a Chinese developer and manufacturer of touch panel technologies, recently had success in obtaining a US court’s permission to obtain discovery from HTC America, Inc., for use in patent litigation in the Nanchang Intermediate People’s Court.


TPK sought discovery in order to prove a prior use or knowledge defense in an infringement case brought by a third party, O-film Tech, Ltd., and to t属鼠,中英双语 | 在美国取证用于我国诉讼程序的有力东西,了不得的狐狸爸爸ry to invalidate O-film’s patent in p周子瑜段宜恩爱情roceedings before China’s patent office. In re Ex Parte Application of TPK Touch Solutions (Xiamen) Inc., 2016 WL 6804600 (N.D. Cal. Nov. 17, 2016).


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